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Business Studies

GCSE Business Studies(9-1) J204

Business GCSE encourages students to think commercially and creatively about current issues facing real businesses.  Students are expected to consider the role of Operations, HR, Finance and Marketing as they react to changes in the external business environment and coordinate their actions, to recommend what different businesses would do to achieve their objectives.

Students develop skills such as team work and communication, whilst gaining confidence to explore how different business situations affect business decisions on a local, national and global level.  Students are required to use both qualitative and quantitative skills to build balanced arguments and evaluate key decisions in business, developing critical and reflective mindsets. Alongside this, students will experience how business works in the real world, through use of case studies, guest speakers and visits to local businesses and workplaces.

The range of skills students develop and the breath of topics gives students many options for future education and career paths. Business allows students to study Business courses or Economics in the future.  There is also the opportunity for students to gain apprenticeships.  Business is favoured by many educational providers as it links to many career paths and encompasses a wide range of topics from the real world.  Popular career and educational paths from previous students have been; Marketing, Accounting, HR as well as Law, Media, Sport, Computing and ICT. These courses have a direct link to Business GCSE.

GCSE (9-1) in Business (J2004) consists of two sections which are externally examined:  

Business Activity, Marketing and People

Written paper 1 hour 30 mins – 80 marks 50% of the qualification.

Operations, Finance and Influences on Business

Written paper 1 hour 30 mins – 80 marks 50% of the qualification.

The table below is a breakdown of the units studied at GCSE and the format of the assessments, although this is subject to change.
  Year 10 Year 11
  Units Assessments Units Assessments
Autumn Business Activity 
The role of enterprise
Business planning
Business ownership
Business stakeholders

Business plan. Business type questions.
Short answer tests to check knowledge.

Extended question on growth.

Production, Finance and Influences on Business

Questions on methods of production.
Group research task on quality and its importance.

Possible case study question on quality and business reputation.

Growth (mergers and takeovers)
Factors affecting business location
Different methods of production job, batch and flow)
Quality of goods and services
Selling and Customers Service
Spring Business Activity (continued)

The role of marketing Market research and segments

Questions on market research.
Students conduct secondary and primary research

Marketing plan assignment.

Questions on the 4 parts of the mix and how they are linked.

Multiple choice

Sources of finance  
Business accounts 

Possible case study question on Sources of finance.  

Calculate revenue, costs and profits. 
Break-even chart calculation and comments.

Complete a cash flow forecast and comment upon the results. 
Year 11 Mock examination paper. 

Summer People
Role of HR
Business Organisation


Retention (pay, management style, fringe benefits, etc.)
Employment Law
Recruitment question.
Training question.
Multiple choice. 
Short answer tests to check knowledge. 
Year 10 Mock examination paper.
Influences on Business 
Business ethics    
The economy    
Look at a case study and comment on the impact of business activity. 
Question on how the government may deal with different economic situations. 
Possible case study and questions on the impact of globalisation on businesses.
Revision 1 External Examination Business Activity (50%)
Revision 2 External Examination Business Finance and the External Business Environment (50%)